For almost a century ago, liposuction has evolved from very crude methods of removing unwanted body fats, to very safe and reliable procedures, used by surgeons today to achieve a beautifully contoured body. LIPOSUCTION ATLANTA which is considered a part of cosmetic surgery, began as early as 1920′s, but a French surgeon, Dr.Charles Dujarier, who according to historical reviews, used an unspecified procedure of removing fat that resulted in the gangrene of the legs of a French model. Due to the negative result of that liposuction procedure, the interest in body contouring using liposuction waned for several decades.
It was only in 1960′s that a European surgeon used a very crude technique of fat removal. He used curettage method, a surgery to remove unwanted tissues or growths in the body using a curette or a scraper. The procedure became infamous due to high morbidity caused by too much bleeding, infections, and relatively longer time for the patient to recuperate. They also used general anesthesia for the procedure.
This was followed in 1974 when French and Italian surgeons used the liposuction method for body contouring. They used a cannula or a hollow tube and an aspirator or suction device to draw out the fats. The cannula is inserted beneath the skin and the aspirator suctions the fat out of the particular area being worked on, like the abdomen, thighs, chin, arms, and other areas of the body that that patient desires to have that unwanted fat removed. Their procedure got good results due to low risks involved.
In 1982, a French surgeon, Dr. Yves,-Gerard Illouz, introduced the “Illouz method,” where he used the suction-induced liposuction after introducing fluid into the tissue. The Illouz method became famous due to its positive results like low morbidity rate and faster recovery of the patient. Then, Dr. Pierre Fournier introduced the use of lidocaine for local anesthesia, instead of the general anesthesia, wherein the patient need not be sedated during the surgery, and it could be done in any clinic or place that is comfortable for the patient.
In 1985, Dr. Jeffrey A. Klein of Southern California, used the “tumescent technique,” wherein large volumes of very dilute liquid anesthesia called lidocaine used for local anesthesia and epinephrine, which shrinks the capillaries, are injected beneath the skin, or at the subcutaneous fat. The doctors said the tumescent technique results to long lasting effect of anesthesia and prevents blood loss because the capillaries that carry the blood were shrunk, thus minimizing bleeding. It also produces little bruising due to the very thin cannula used, and very fast recovery of the patient.
Now, liposuction doctors use the ultrasound technique, where ultrasonic energy is used to first liquefy the fats before inserting the very thin cannula, for easier extraction of fats. Modern methods use the laser-tipped probes which induce thermal lypolysis, where the fats are melted, coagulates small blood vessels thus preventing bleeding and promotes collagen formation and skin tightening. They also use the removed fat to augment areas that the patient want to be improved. Indeed, liposuction techniques had evolved from very crude methods, and thanks to the great surgeons who did not stop on improving the technique to make it very safe and give satisfying results to the patient,whether they aim for aesthetic for for health concerns.